Wednesday, May 23, 2012

Flora and Fauna Israel

Israel is the snow-capped mountains, deserts, dry, fertile land, lush forests and the length of the sand. No fewer than four different geographical zones are included in the State of Israel, and the climate ranges from semi-State - dry to moderate to subtropical

            All this makes Israel an amazing variety of plants and animals. Some 47 000 have been identified in living spesiaes Isrsel with 4,000 others are assumed to exist. There are 116 species of mammals native to Israel, 511 species of birds, 97 reptiles and seven amphibian species. Some 2780 species of plants growing in the country, from alpine flowers in the north to the slopes of red coral peonies and desert papyrus reeds in the south

Flora
19 staple crop of Israeli society

    
Masquis (areas containing trees - Small trees and shrubs): located in the mountains of Judea, Carmel and Galilee, this is the main forest.
    
Oak forest: On the volcanic rock of Gorlan DataranTinggi, which is dominated by common oak masquis grow in areas of higher than 500 meters above sea level. Botanists believe that the range of forest here has substantially decreased over the centuries
    
Autumn winter (mountain) forest: At Mount Hermon, between 1,300 and 1,800 meters above sea level, winter deciduous trees and shrubs - shrubs that can withstand the cold winds and growing
    
Ithaburensis Quercus forest: This Mediterranean tree grows in Israel, dry and warmer coastal areas, although much of this forest has been converted into olive.
    
Carob and terebinth forests: forests - these forests cover the hills - a limestone hill in the central foothills.
    
Lotus and herbaceous vegetation: shrubs are scattered in the hills east of Galilee, so it looks like a park without trees.
    
Savanna Mediterranean: in areas too hot and too dry for Mediterranean trees, tropical and semi-jujube tree - a thorn tree grew from sudan
    
Semi-steppe: Where Israel's Mediterranean region meets the desert, semi-bush vegetation changes.
    
Cushion plants: Mount Hermon plants beyond 1,900 meters above sea level must endure 3-5 months of snow every year and 4-5 months dry season. The dominant vegetation here is a small, spiny, rounded, dense shrub known as the cushion-plants.
    
Steppe: Semi-bush covered slopes and hills - hill country region that received 80-250 millimeters of rain per year. Establishment of vegetation is often referred to as the prairie.
    
Atlantic terebinth steppe: On rocky terrain higher than 800 meters of the Atlantic terebinth grows.
    
Desert: Steppe vegetation gradually gives way to saharo-arabic plant species as the climate becomes drier
    
Sand: each - each of the three sandy areas Israel has a different climate and sand of different origin, respectively - each has different kinds of vegetation.
    
Oasis: the warmest was aravah Israel Dead Sea and Jordan Valley. Run-off and groundwater menunmpuk here, a tree - the tree allows the Sudanese origin grow in the oases and desert salt-resistant date palms growing around the spring.
    
Desert savanna: the Rift - Valley, precipitation increases gradually to the north of approximately 30 mm. Around Eilat to 150 mm. north of Jericho. Sudan trees with poor root, make a part - the part that resembles the eastern African savanna
    
Arava woodland: Arava depth of sand covered with a thin forest of trees grow to 4 feet high
    
Marsh - swamp and grassland - grassland shrubs: Water-logged soils on river banks support dense vegetation.
    
Wet salt: Salt water throughout the year to limit the land along the Jordan River, Dead Sea, the Arava valley and the Mediterranean coast near Akko.
    
In areas - areas of intense human activity: Vegetation in such areas is easily distinguished.


Fauna
Like many in western countries, the increasing population and industrial development in Israel to destroy the natural habitat, encourage biodiversity decline. Israel has made a fifth of its land area as a nature reserve.

Terrestial Animals

            
The largest land animals in Israel is the number of mountain deer, wild boar, fox and bobcat. But rarely seen leopard, and wolf heyna. In total there are 116 species of animals in Israel. This is an impressive figure for a small country.




Protection of Flora and Fauna Israel

            
Israel ratified the UN Convention on biological diversity in the month of August 1995. Israel is committed long to make the protection of flora and fauna, national parks and nature reserves. Israel now has formulate specific targets.ü Develop a comprehensive plan for conserving biodiversity.ü Build a network of protected areas to conserve the ecosystems and species.ü Rehabilitate degraded ecosystems.ü To promote public awareness and promote the knowledge and skills through formal and non formal education.Coordination of national action with regional and international plans.

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